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翻译公司分享字幕翻译的技巧

作者:    来源:    发布时间:2021-02-25 11:38:47    浏览量:0

    大家在生活中常常可以看到字幕翻译,字幕翻译需要了解观众的需求,并且了解这个国家的语言特点,今天翻译公司给大家分享字幕翻译的技巧。

    You can often see subtitle translation in your life. Subtitle translation needs to understand the needs of the audience and the language characteristics of this country. Today, the translation company will share with you the skills of subtitle translation.

    1、采用增补或注释的方法,实行连贯原则

    1. To apply the principle of coherence by means of supplement or annotation

    影视剧作通常是一个有机的整体,如果在文化缺省的情况下,说话者没有对所需要的社会文化信息进行及时的填补,不能把语篇内信息和语篇外知识、经验结合起来,就不能建立连贯、正确的涵义。所以字幕翻译应在文化缺省下进行连贯重构,帮助观众从影片中解读丰富的内涵。

    Film and television plays are usually an organic whole. If the speaker fails to fill in the required social and cultural information in time under the condition of cultural default, and cannot combine the information in the text with the knowledge and experience out of the text, it cannot establish a coherent and correct meaning. Therefore, subtitle translation should be reconstructed coherently under the cultural default to help the audience understand the rich connotation from the film.

    2、采用缩略、简化的技巧,避免观看字幕的障碍

    2. Use the skills of abbreviation and simplification to avoid the obstacles of watching subtitles

    由于影视剧字幕翻译受到时间空间双重技术性因素的制约, 在翻译成目标语时, 应尽可能不增加篇章的长度, 因此,译者不能像翻译文学作品那样完全忠实于原文,译者在翻译时,需要采用浓缩、简化和省略的技巧。

    Due to the limitation of time and space, the subtitle translation of film and television plays should not increase the length of the text as much as possible when it is translated into the target language. Therefore, the translator cannot be as faithful to the original as the translated literary works. In the process of translation, the translator needs to adopt the techniques of concentration, simplification and omission.

    3、采用简洁化、口语化的方式翻译,方便观众迅速阅读和理解

    3. It is translated in a concise and colloquial way, which is convenient for the audience to read and understand quickly

    影视语言多以人物对话或内心独白或旁白的形式出现, 即十分口语化。

    The language of film and television is mostly in the form of character dialogue or inner monologue or narration, which is very colloquial.

    基于影视语言的这些鲜明特点, 译者在将其翻译成另一国文字时, 便需要考虑语言风格的传译问题, 使他国的电影观众充分感受到影片语言的魅力, 否则会因译入语的晦涩难懂、矫揉造作失去大部分观众。

    Based on these distinctive features of the film and television language, translators need to consider the translation of language style when translating it into another country's language, so that the film audience in other countries can fully feel the charm of the film language, otherwise they will lose a large part of the audience due to the obscurity and affectation of the translated language.

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