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北京翻译公司带您分析口译注意事项

作者:    来源:    发布时间:2020-11-09 11:44:49    浏览量:0

  口译是常见的翻译方式,在众多场合有着重要的应用,译员在翻译过程中能够注意一些事项才能更好的完成工作,北京翻译公司给大家分享口译注意事项:

  Interpretation is a common way of translation, which has an important application in many occasions. Translators can pay attention to some matters in the process of translation in order to complete the work better.    

  首先,充足的准备工作是口译必不可少的。首先要对翻译的内容有所了解。再则,就是找项目负责人了解情况,对项目情况熟悉了,翻译起来自然就比较顺手。当然口以人员还需要具备不仅能听懂标准外语,而且要能很快适应各种怪腔怪调、不规范的外语。这样在遇到腔调奇怪的发言人的时候才能更快的去适应。

  First of all, adequate preparation is essential for interpretation. First of all, we should understand the content of translation. In addition, it is to find the person in charge of the project to understand the situation. If you are familiar with the situation of the project, the translation will be easier. Of course, the oral English personnel also need to be able to not only understand the standard foreign language, but also be able to quickly adapt to a variety of strange tunes and nonstandard foreign languages. In this way, you can adapt faster when you meet a speaker with a strange tone.
  口译任务中最让人头疼的是讲话人事先准备了讲稿,照稿宣读,而译员对这份讲稿事前又一无所知。这无异乎用口译的方式做笔译的工作。一旦遇到这种情况,译员当然也不能回避,只能靠其平时的功底,尽自己最大努力来完成。

  The most troublesome task of interpretation is that the speaker prepared the speech first and read it out according to it, while the interpreter knew nothing about the speech in advance. This is no different from the way of translation. Once encountering this kind of situation, the translator can't avoid it, and can only rely on his usual skills and try his best to complete it.

  其次,语言的组织,对于重点的把握也是做好口译的必要条件。有时讲话人为了阐述一个中心思想,会反复强调或用不同方式说明同一个内容。因此,口语不可能像书面语那样严谨,甚至有的讲话人本来就不善言词,经常会说出一些不完整的、不知所云的话。这就需要译员去把握说话人说话的重点,这不仅仅是翻译水平问题,而且也是翻译的职业道德问题。翻译中适当进行编辑为的是更好地传达讲话人的精神实质,而不是为了偷工减料或回避难点。

  Secondly, the organization of language and the mastery of key points are also necessary for good interpretation. Sometimes in order to explain a central idea, the speaker will repeatedly emphasize or explain the same content in different ways. Therefore, spoken language can not be as rigorous as written language, and even some speakers are not good at words, often saying some incomplete, unintelligible words. This requires the translator to grasp the focus of the speaker's speech, which is not only the issue of translation level, but also the issue of professional ethics in translation. Proper editing in translation aims to better convey the spiritual essence of the speaker, not to cut corners or avoid difficulties.

  再者,要树立足够的信心。口译也要有很强的随机应变的能力以及很强的控场能力,所以在遇到一些突发状况的时候需要对自己有信心,觉得自己一定可以应付这样的场面,而不是手忙脚乱。

   Moreover, we should build up enough confidence. Interpreters also need to have a strong ability to adapt to the circumstances and control the field. Therefore, when encountering some unexpected situations, they need to have confidence in themselves and feel that they can cope with such situations, rather than be in a hurry.

  最后,译员的知识面以及为人处世的礼仪也是相当的重要的。就知识面来说,不论是口译还是笔译都需要译员都这丰富的知识面,翻译人员对百科知识不需要很精很深,但是要博、要杂。而为人处世的礼貌也是相当的重要的,这就能看出这个人的素质涵养。

 Finally, the translator's knowledge and etiquette are also very important. As far as knowledge is concerned, both interpretation and translation need the rich knowledge of translators. Translators do not need to be very precise and deep in encyclopedia knowledge, but they need to be broad and complex. The politeness is also very important, which can see the quality of this person.

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