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北京翻译公司-字幕翻译的制约因素有什么

作者:    来源:    发布时间:2020-11-05 13:50:58    浏览量:0

  越来越多的国外影视作品传入国内,在这里离不开字幕翻译员的工作,下面北京翻译公司给大家分享字幕翻译的制约因素有什么?

  More and more foreign films and TV works have been introduced into China. Here we can not do without the work of subtitle translators. What are the constraints of subtitle translation?

  首先是空间的制约。电影字幕翻译必须根据演员的口型和屏幕的规格大小决定字幕的行数和字体的大小。由于电影中字幕与演员说话出现的时间,是完全一致的。因此,字幕的长短对观众欣赏影片有很大的影响,太长了或太短了都会影响影片的表达效果。所以需要译员仔细的琢磨,不多不少还能完善准确的表达出说话人的意思,这是存在困难的。

     the first is the restriction of space. Film subtitle translation must determine the number of lines and font size according to the actor's mouth shape and screen size. Because the film subtitles and actors speak at exactly the same time. Therefore, the length of the subtitle has a great impact on the audience's appreciation of the film, too long or too short will affect the expression of the film. Therefore, it is difficult for the interpreter to think carefully and express the speaker's meaning perfectly and accurately.

  其次是时间的制约。一是影片观赏者阅览字幕所花费的时间,二是影片中画面持续的时间。电影中人物对话时间的长短与电影画面的停留时间是一样的。浏览字幕的时间会出现差距是由各种原因导致的,如观众理解能力差异、文化差异、知识面差异等等。这就需要译员考虑到这些方面的因素,对于字母的长短有着适量的把控才行。

  Secondly, the restriction of time. One is the time spent by the viewer to read the subtitles, the other is the duration of the picture in the film. The duration of dialogue between the characters in the film is the same as that of the screen. The time gap of subtitle browsing is caused by various reasons, such as the differences of audience's understanding ability, culture, knowledge and so on. This requires the interpreter to take into account these factors and to control the length of the letters.

  第三是文化之间的差异。由于生活环境加之历史文化的不一样,每个国家都有属于自己的特色,文化之间的差异也越来越大,而字幕翻译则需要考虑到这些,“语言就是文化的载体,任何文本的意义都直接或间接反映一个相应的文化。”而影视作品就是各国文化互相传播、互相吸收的一种载体,字幕翻译就是桥梁,字幕翻译是两种不同语言的转换。

  Thirdly, cultural differences. Due to the differences in living environment and history and culture, each country has its own characteristics, and the differences between cultures are also growing. Therefore, subtitle translation needs to take these into consideration: "language is the carrier of culture, and the meaning of any text directly or indirectly reflects a corresponding culture." The film and television works are a carrier of cultural transmission and absorption. Subtitle translation is a bridge, and subtitle translation is the transformation of two different languages.

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