Simultaneous interpretation is a very common type of translation, which is suitable for large-scale seminars or international conferences. It has a very high demand on hospitals. It requires not only solid professional knowledge, but also rich translation experience. What are the rules of simultaneous interpretation? Today, I would like to share with you:
1. Sentence driven
In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter and the speaker's speech are almost simultaneous, so the interpreter must interpret on the basis of the original sentence order, and express the original meaning smoothly in the target language through the method of sentence break along the original sentence structure.
2. Adjust as appropriate
In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter always interprets when the information is incomplete, so the interpreter needs to constantly adjust his expression, correct the mistranslation and add new content.
3. Scientific prediction
There are some fixed formats in Chinese and English, but there are differences in word order. But a long sentence can not wait until after the interpretation. This requires simultaneous interpreting and scientific prediction based on the characteristics of the two languages and the knowledge of the conference itself.
4. Don't be perfect
Don't strive for perfection is not to say that we do not value the quality of simultaneous interpreting. But when we practice simultaneous interpreting, we can use the second best expression if we can not remember the best way of expression at the moment. If we blindly pursue the perfect expression of a word, we will miss the content and lose more than we gain. But when training, we should pursue perfection and improve the quality constantly.
5. Overall equivalence
On the whole, the two languages should achieve basic equivalence in the transmission of information and emotion. Due to the high speed and large amount of information, it is possible to miss and make mistakes. When it is found later, it can be corrected and remedied in time, so as to ensure the integrity of the overall information.