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同声传译的规律有什么?

作者:    来源:    发布时间:2019-10-29 17:33:29    浏览量:0

  同声传译是非常常见的一种翻译类型,适用于大型研讨会或者国际会议,对医院的要求非常高,不仅要有扎实的专业知识,还要有丰富的翻译经验,那么同声传译的规律有什么?今天北京翻译公司给大家分享:

  Simultaneous interpretation is a very common type of translation, which is suitable for large-scale seminars or international conferences. It has a very high demand on hospitals. It requires not only solid professional knowledge, but also rich translation experience. What are the rules of simultaneous interpretation? Today, I would like to share with you:

  1.顺句驱动

  1. Sentence driven

  同声传译时,译员与讲话人的发言几乎同步进行,所以译员必须在原有句子顺序的基础上进行口译,必须顺着原有句子结构通过断句的方法用目标语把源语意思顺畅地表达出来。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter and the speaker's speech are almost simultaneous, so the interpreter must interpret on the basis of the original sentence order, and express the original meaning smoothly in the target language through the method of sentence break along the original sentence structure.

  2.酌情调整

  2. Adjust as appropriate

  同声传译时,译员总是在信息不完全的情况下进行口译,所以译员需要不断调整自己的表达,对误译要纠正,要把新内容不断添加上去。

  In simultaneous interpretation, the interpreter always interprets when the information is incomplete, so the interpreter needs to constantly adjust his expression, correct the mistranslation and add new content.

  3.科学预测

  3. Scientific prediction

  中英语言都有一些固定的格式,而语序排列则有差异,但一个长句子不可能等到说完再口译,这就需要同传译员根据两种语言本身的特点和对会议本身知识的掌握,科学地预测。

  There are some fixed formats in Chinese and English, but there are differences in word order. But a long sentence can not wait until after the interpretation. This requires simultaneous interpreting and scientific prediction based on the characteristics of the two languages and the knowledge of the conference itself.

  4.勿求完美

  4. Don't be perfect

  勿求完美并非是说不看重同传质量,而是在同传实践的时候,如果一时想不起最佳表达方法,可以使用次佳的表达方法。如果一味追求某个词的完美表达,就会遗漏内容,得不偿失。但在训练的时候,应该追求完美,不断提高质量。

  Don't strive for perfection is not to say that we do not value the quality of simultaneous interpreting. But when we practice simultaneous interpreting, we can use the second best expression if we can not remember the best way of expression at the moment. If we blindly pursue the perfect expression of a word, we will miss the content and lose more than we gain. But when training, we should pursue perfection and improve the quality constantly.

  5.整体等值

  5. Overall equivalence

  整体上两种语言在信息和情感的传递上应该达到基本等值。由于发言速度快、信息量大,遗漏和出错都有可能,随后发现的时候再及时纠正和补救,这样就能够确保整体信息完整。

  On the whole, the two languages should achieve basic equivalence in the transmission of information and emotion. Due to the high speed and large amount of information, it is possible to miss and make mistakes. When it is found later, it can be corrected and remedied in time, so as to ensure the integrity of the overall information.

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