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北京翻译公司关于日语的介绍

作者:    来源:    发布时间:2019-07-26 11:29:07    浏览量:0

  日语是一种主要为日本列岛上大和民族所使用的语言,是日本的官方语言。其语言系属有争议,有人认为可划入阿尔泰语系,也有日本学者认为是孤立语言,扶余语系或日本语系。下面北京翻译公司小编为大家介绍一下日语。

  Japanese is the official language of Japan, which is mainly used by Japanese islands and nationalities. Its language family is controversial. Some people think it can be classified into Altaic language family, while some Japanese scholars think it is isolated language, Fuyu language family or Japanese language family. Below is a brief introduction to Japanese by the editor of Beijing Translation Company.

  日语复杂的书写系统是其一大特征,其书写系统包括了日语汉字(大多数的汉字又有音读及训读两种念法)、平假名、片假名三种文字系统,同时也可以以日语罗马字转写为拉丁字母。在音韵方面,除了促音“っ”和拨音“ん”外,开音节(open syllable)语言的特征强烈,且具有音拍(mora)。在重音方面,属于音高重音(pitch accent)。在语序方面,句子由主语、宾语、谓语的顺序构成,属于主宾谓结构,且是具代表性的话题优先语言之一。在形态学(morphology)上,属于黏着语。

  The complex writing system of Japanese is one of its major characteristics. Its writing system includes Japanese characters (most of them have two pronunciation and training), Hiragana and Katakana, and can also be transcribed from Roman to Latin letters. In terms of phonology, apart from the pronunciation of and the dialing of, the open syllable language has strong characteristics and has a mora. In terms of stress, it belongs to pitch accent. In terms of word order, sentences are composed of the order of subject, object and predicate, which belongs to the structure of subject-object-predicate and is one of the representative topic-first languages. Morphologically, it belongs to adhesives.

  在语汇方面,除了自古传下来的和语外,还有中国传入的汉字词。近来由各国传入的外来语的比例也逐渐增加。在对人表现上,日语显得极富变化,不单有口语和书面语的区别,还有普通和郑重、男与女、老与少等的区别,以及发达的敬语体系。而在方言的部份,以日本东部及西部两者间的差异较大,称为关东方言和关西方言。此外,对于失聪者,有对应日语文法及音韵系统的日本手语存在。

  In terms of vocabulary, in addition to Heyu, which has been handed down from ancient times, there are also Chinese characters introduced from China. Recently, the proportion of loanwords introduced from different countries has gradually increased. On the other hand, Japanese is very changeable, not only in spoken and written language, but also in common and solemn, male and female, old and young, and developed honorific system. In the part of dialect, there are great differences between eastern and Western Japan, which is called Guandong dialect and Guanxi dialect. In addition, for deaf people, there is Japanese sign language corresponding to Japanese grammar and phonological system.

  以上是北京翻译公司的小编为大家分享的关于日语的介绍,希望对您有所帮助,如果您想了解更多相关资讯,请关注我们官网。

  The above is a brief introduction to Japanese shared by the editor of Beijing Translation Company. I hope it will be helpful to you. If you want to know more about it, please pay attention to our official website.

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