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英语被动语态的翻译技巧

作者:    来源:    发布时间:2019-05-31 14:53:46    浏览量:0
我们中文中包含着被动语态,在英语中也包含着被动语态,而且使用范围也非常广泛,今天北京翻译公司就为大家分享一下在英语翻译中被动语态的翻译技巧。
We have passive voice in Chinese and English, and the use of passive voice is very wide. Today, Beijing Translation Company will share some translation skills of passive voice in English translation.
1、译成汉语的被动语态
1. Passive voice translated into Chinese
英语中的许多被动句也可以翻译成汉语的被动句,句中经常使用汉语中表示被动意义的一些标志词,如“被”、“给”、“遭”、“挨”、“为……所”、“使”、“由……”、“受到”等。
Many passive sentences in English can also be translated into passive sentences in Chinese. Some markers of passive meanings in Chinese are often used, such as "be", "give", "be", "be", "be", "be", "be", "be", "be"... "Suo", "Shi", "Yu..." "Be" and so on.
2、翻译成汉语的主动句,将英语中的被动结构翻译成汉语的主动结构时,往往可以分成以下几种不同的情况。
2. When translating English passive structures into Chinese active sentences, they can often be divided into the following situations.
① 保留英语原句中的主语。
Keep the subject in the original English sentence.
② 将主语翻译为宾语。
(2) Translating the subject into the object.
在动作发出者不言自明或难以言明时,英语常用被动句。而汉语在这种情况下,往往需要添加“有人”、“大家”、“别人”、“人们”之类的泛称主语。例如:
Passive sentences are often used in English when the speaker of the action is self-evident or difficult to express. In this case, it is often necessary to add generic subjects such as "people", "everybody", "others" and "people" in Chinese. For example:
③ 将介词短语的宾语译成主语。
(3) Translate the object of the prepositional phrase into the subject.
如果英语的被动句中包含by, in, for等引导的作状语的介词短语,一般可以将介词的宾语翻译成译文的主语,英语原句中的主语则一般需要翻译成宾语。
If English passive sentences contain prepositional phrases as adverbials guided by, in, for, etc., the object of the preposition can generally be translated into the subject of the translation, while the subject of the original English sentence needs to be translated into the object.
④ 译成汉语的无主句。
(4) No subject sentence translated into Chinese.
⑤ 译成带表语的主动句。
(5) Translate it into an active sentence with a predicate.
以上是北京翻译公司为大家分享的关于英语被动语态翻译的技巧,希望可以帮助到大家,如果您还有什么问题随时联系我们,我们将竭诚为您服务!
These are the skills of passive voice translation shared by Beijing Translation Company. I hope it can help you. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us. We will serve you wholeheartedly.
北京翻译公司

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